The second oldest city in the United States is Santa Fe, New Mexico, which was founded in 1607. In the 16th century, the Kingdom of New Mexico was owned by the Spanish and its capital was San Juan Pueblo. But in 1609, the conqueror Don Pedro de Peralta moved the capital 25 miles to the south and called the settlement Santa Fe. The United States was born on July 4, 1776, but the oldest cities in the United States,. They were established long before the nation was.
All were founded by European, Spanish, French and English explorers, although most of the occupied lands had been colonized long before by indigenous peoples. Learn more about America's roots with this list of the 10 oldest cities in the United States. For more than 200 years, it was the capital of Spanish Florida. From 1763 to 1783, control of the region was transferred to the British.
Augustine was the capital of British East Florida. Control returned to the Spanish in 1783 until 1822, when it was ceded by treaty to the United States. Augustine remained the territorial capital until 1824, when it moved to Tallahassee. In the 1880s, developer Henry Flagler began buying local railroad lines and building hotels, giving way to what would become Florida's winter tourism business, which was still an important part of the municipal and state economy.
Santa Fe has the distinction of being the oldest state capital in the U.S. UU. In addition to the oldest city in New Mexico. Long before the arrival of Spanish settlers in 1607, the area had been occupied by indigenous peoples.
A town in Pueblo, founded around 900 AD. Indigenous groups expelled the Spanish from the region from 1680 to 1692, but the rebellion was eventually put down. Hampton, Virginia, began as Point Comfort, an English outpost established by the same people who founded nearby Jamestown. Located at the mouth of the James River and the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay, Hampton became an important military outpost after independence from the United States.
Although Virginia was the capital of the Confederacy during the Civil War, Fort Monroe in Hampton remained in Union hands throughout the conflict. Today, the town is home to the Langley-Eustis Joint Base and is just across the river from Norfolk Naval Base. Like its neighboring town of Hampton, Newport News also traces its founding to the English. But it wasn't until the 1880s when new railroad lines began bringing coal from Appalachia to the newly founded shipbuilding industry.
Today, Newport News Shipbuilding remains one of the state's largest industrial employers, producing aircraft carriers and submarines for the military. Albany is the capital of the state of New York and its oldest city. It was first established in 1614, when Dutch merchants built Fort Nassau on the banks of the Hudson River. The English, who took control in 1664, renamed it in honor of the Duke of Albany.
It became the capital of New York State in 1797 and remained a regional economic and industrial power until the mid-20th century, when much of the economy of upstate New York began to decline. Many state government offices in Albany are located in Empire State Plaza, which is considered an excellent example of brutalist and international architecture. Located on the southwest coast of Massachusetts Bay, present-day Plymouth had been occupied by indigenous peoples for centuries. If it weren't for the help of Squis and other members of the Wampanoag tribe during the winter of 1620-21, the pilgrims might not have survived.
Georgetown is the second oldest city in Arkansas, founded in 1789, but it is still a functioning city today. San Diego is a city in the US state of California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and directly bordered by the border with Mexico. Although the United States did not achieve independence from Great Britain until 1776, many cities in the country were established hundreds of years earlier. European explorers began to reach the shores of the United States.
In the early 16th century to establish settlements, some of which still exist today. Jamestown, Virginia, is considered by many to be the first settlement in the United States. It was founded by the English in 1607, 13 years before the pilgrims landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Once the colony's capital was moved to Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1699, Jamestown slowly ceased to exist as a settlement and is now only a historic site.
There are many cities in the United States founded hundreds of years ago that still exist and thrive today. We researched the histories of cities in each state to find the oldest city in the United States, as well as the 50 states. Do you want to embed this infographic on your website? The oldest continuously inhabited city in all of the modern United States. State What is the oldest city in the continental United States? ST.
Augustine, Florida, is generally considered to be the oldest city in the U.S. It is the oldest established settlement in Europe in the country, inhabited continuously. Augustine was founded by a Spanish admiral named Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in 1565, and was the capital of Spanish Florida for more than 200 years. Cheyenne, Wyoming, is the youngest city on the list.
It was established in 1867 by General Grenville M. The city was named after the Cheyenne Native American tribe, one of the most prominent tribes in the Great Plains states. What is the oldest capital in North America? That would be Santa Fe, New Mexico. Santa Fe was established in 1607 and was named the capital of the area in 1610, which has remained almost constantly ever since.
The key to maintaining financial health is not only in planning and managing personal assets, but also in understanding the basic concepts and evolution of the economy. The economy affects every aspect of our lives, however, many school districts don't offer economics and graduating without it is possible. In our homes, we rarely talk about money, except for the idea of running out of money. Let's all start taking a proactive approach to becoming comprehensive in economics and finance, in order to make better daily decisions for ourselves and for generations to come.
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Augustine, founded in September 1565 by Don Pedro Menéndez de Aviles of Spain, is the oldest city founded by Europe in the United States, more commonly called the oldest city in the country. Menéndez was sent to the New World by King Philip II of Spain, with the mission of ridding Florida of the French and establishing fortified Spanish settlements along the coast. In fact, many historians believe that the first Thanksgiving was a holiday in St. About 50 years before the Pilgrims broke bread with the Wampanoags in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Augustine, less than an hour south of Jacksonville, reveals more than four centuries of history that owes much to Spanish, English, Greek, African Americans and Native Americans. San Marcos Castle Perhaps the fort's air of authority comes from the size of the castle. The building structure alone is as big as a city block, and its site occupies more than 20 acres along the downtown corridor. Nowhere else in Florida can you see, feel and understand the fundamental role this small city played during the years when Western European countries fought each other for the Atlantic coast in the New World.
Inside the fort, visitors can investigate the many rooms on the first level of the fort, including a chapel and a single cell that was used as the city's first prison, and watch a video about the importance of the Castle. But the true wonder of this fort can be enjoyed on the second level, where the sweeping views of St. Agustín, take a closer look at the towers where soldiers used to guard and the demonstrations of cannons give life to the fort. Lightner Museum Built in 1888 by railroad magnate Henry Flagler, the museum that was formerly the Alcazar Hotel will transport you to the Golden Age with its impressive entrance, exquisite event spaces and one of the country's best collections of 19th century art.
Fountain of Youth of Ponce de León Take a sip of Ponce de León's “Fountain of Youth”, a natural spring in a privately owned 15-acre park in St. Agustín, where visitors can learn about the first Spanish settlers. An archaeological excavation is in operation at the site, along with buildings recreated by Spanish and Timucuan Indians, an old missionary church, cannons and a watchtower. The Old City Gate Built in 1808 as a defense, the gate marks the north end of St.
The sturdy pillars and the coquina wall promise a unique photo opportunity. George Street also offers attractions, such as the Museum of Medieval Torture, which promises to “transport you back hundreds of years to some of the most miserable moments in human history”. The museum highlights medieval methods of torture through exhibits, accessories and mannequins; while fascinating and unique, it's not for children or people prone to nightmares. Save time in areas close to St.
Hypolita, Cuna Street, Cathedral Place and King Street are home to even more shops and restaurants, especially near the Casa Monica Hotel, a magnificent structure with a historic past. If you're looking for a quieter alternative, Aviles Street, which has the right to claim to be the oldest street in the United States, has a picturesque neighborhood full of cobblestone streets, highlighted by shops, cafes, historic sites and galleries full of original art. Ghost Tours With its years of tumultuous history, it's no wonder that St. Augustine is one of the most haunted cities in the country.
Numerous guided ghost tours illuminate their past, who knows what you'll see or hear on these shocking adventures? BeachesHead to the outskirts of town to explore 42 miles of pristine Atlantic beaches, where you can swim, surf, or just relax on the sand. While you're there, be sure to visit historic 1874 Street. Augustine Lighthouse, a majestic black and white sentinel in the country's oldest port. If you want to feel the burning and enjoy a unique view of the area at the same time, you can climb the 219 steps to reach the 165-foot lighthouse observation deck.
Practical exhibitions, daily programs and nature trails round out the fun. Agustín, founded in September 1565 by Don Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in Spain, is the oldest continuously inhabited. Tom Scherberger Do you want to explore the cultural, historic and architectural treasures of the city of Ybor in Tampa? There's an app for that. The cities that emerged in St.
Augustine's Wake has something to say about the fascinating history of the Americas, since even the names of cities, from Santa Fe to Cheyenne, say a lot about the role each played in creating a superpower. In the spirit of our guide to the oldest building in each state, we have placed the oldest city in each state in a temporary context, animating the settlements in the order in which they appeared. Are you ready to go on a journey back in time? The pilgrims, religious dissidents from England, set sail for the United States on September 16, 1620, with the promise of a private plantation in Virginia. Poor sea conditions led them to reach considerably north of their destination; only half of the settlers survived the first winter, but when the harvest arrived, a year later, they were optimistic enough to establish and celebrate the first Thanksgiving.
Known in the Algonquin dialect as Amiciskeag, meaning “fishing spot”, Kittery took its new name from the English family home of one of the first settlers, Alexander Shapleigh. English and French colonists and Native Americans would later wage fierce battles for control of this land and the surrounding land. Before becoming part of the United States, Dover was known as Northam and passed between several colonial authorities while colonists discussed how colonies would be managed (including the idea of a hereditary aristocracy). The city proved to be in a perfect position to endure the centuries, thriving thanks to the production of water, energy, cotton, bricks and footwear.
Lewes, the oldest city in the first state of the United States, is another area that Henry Hudson stumbled upon and colonized on behalf of his Dutch sponsors. Many old buildings have been preserved, so visitors can still feel the 17th century today. The colonists purchased this land from resident Native Americans and established it as a trading post, originally where the Farmington and Connecticut rivers meet. It got its name from the city on the River Thames where Windsor Castle is located.
The oldest city in Michigan owes its name to its founding by the French missionary Jacques Marquette in 1668; by that time, Europeans had settled on that land for more than a quarter of a century. The city would come to be commonly known in English as “The Soo”, which is more or less how to pronounce the French word “Sault”. Annapolis, the “Athens of America”, was a booming social and cultural center since its inception as the capital of the colonists. It even has a European-style street layout instead of a grid, in deference to the English Queen Anne, who gives the city its name.
Delaware Indians have lived in this area for at least 10,000 years, but Dutch, Swedish and Finnish settlers arrived in the 17th century when Henry Hudson claimed it as “New Holland”. The Peoria Indians were one of five Illinois tribes that lived in this area long before immigrants arrived. French colonists and Native Americans lived in settlements around the lake until 1812, when the U.S. The troops burned much of the village and moved the French to other areas.
Philadelphia was a Quaker city, founded by William Penn when King Charles II gave him the province of Pennsylvania, the “brotherly love” that reflects Penn's ideals. Religious tolerance and a democratic approach soon gave the city a good name, and its number increased to become one of the most important cities in the country. Mobile, the first capital of French Louisiana, even had its own language for about the first century, a commercial language between French and Native Americans, known as mobile slang. Along the way, the city passed French, English and Spanish control as a result of local and remote wars.
French Protestants settled here from Virginia, attracted by the access to the river and, by extension, to the Atlantic, just 50 miles away. However, this early promise soon turned bitter, as the proximity to the sea meant problems with pirates. In addition, the Tuscarora Indians, who suffered slavery and illness at the hands of their invaders, waged a four-year war with the Europeans, causing terrible bloodshed in the city before Bath was even ten years old. Natchitoches was built just four years before nearby New Orleans, so it's no surprise that parts of the respective cities look a lot like each other.
It began as a simple outpost from which the French could monitor challenges to their territory along the Red River. The oldest city on the Mississippi River was founded by the French in 1716 and later ceded to the Spanish. Sadly, Natchez's fate is based on its status as a slave trade center serving nearby cotton and sugar cane empires. Vincennes was founded by Francois Marie Bissot-Sieur de Vincennes to protect the British's thriving local fur trade.
Along the way, the city became home to Indiana's first bank, the first Presbyterian and Catholic churches, the first newspaper, and the first Masonic Lodge. Most of the cities that emerged before Savannah were informal fortress developments or fortuitous settlements, but the oldest city in Georgia was purposefully designed as the foundation stone of the state. It became known as the “first planned city in the United States” because of its meticulous network of streets, buildings, parks and meeting places. Thomas Shepherd obtained a land grant to build a plot along the Potomac River in 1734 and, in the years before the city was officially founded, the settlement took wonderful names from the Wild West, such as Pack Horse Ford and Swearing's Ferry.
It later became Shepherd's Town and, after the civil war, Shepherdstown. For thousands of years, this area belonged to the San Dieguito and Diegueño Indians. Although the Spanish claimed the area in the mid-16th century, it wasn't until two centuries later that the missionaries arrived and the old town became the first Spanish settlement on the West Coast. Explorer and soldier James Harrod took 30 men to the area near the Salt and Kentucky rivers in 1774 and divided the land between them.
Nowadays, it has become a small, picturesque old town with a population of not much more than 8,000 people; both the living areas and the preserved historic places retain that border aspect. Jonesborough was formed 17 years before Tennessee became a state. It was under North Carolina's control at the time and briefly became the capital of the unofficial 14th “Franklin State” along the way. Today, many historic buildings are still in use, making it a city of “living” history.
The “Adventure Gallery” landed at the junction of the Muskingum and Ohio rivers on April 7, 1788, where General Rufus Putnam and 47 pioneers established the first permanent colony northwest of the Ohio River. Today, only 126 people live in Georgetown, keeping it alive as the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in Arkansas. And no, not everyone is called George. George was the last name of three men who bought and redeveloped the city a few decades after its founding.
The first capital of Russian Alaska, Kodiak, was founded by Russian hunters and fur traders eager to exploit the North Sea otter. Today, the city is one of the largest fishing ports in the U.S. Pembina was first inhabited by Chippewa Indians. When the French began to arrive in the late 18th century, they married Native Americans, forming a mixed race community.
But it wasn't until 1797 that Charles Baptiste Chaboillea established a trading post here and the settlement began to grow. Bellevue (“beautiful view”) moved to the cliffs above the Missouri River in 1835, where it thrived as a fur trading point between settlers and local tribes in Omaha, Otoe, Missouri and Pawnee. The original 19th century buildings still dot Fort Gibson, which grew out of the settlement of military families, local Native Americans and freed slaves. The fort was originally established to protect migrant European and Cherokee settlers from indigenous tribes such as the Osage nation.
Before 1826, the area that became Wabasha was occupied by the Sioux. Chief Wa-pa-Shaw's nephew established a shopping mall and the city took the name of his uncle, who was officially established in 1830, four years later. Fort Leavenworth was established to protect skin and other crafts in 1827, but the location of the settlement meant that a lot of traffic would pass through its way to the west. As such, the town of Leavenworth was established in 1854 and quickly boomed, despite regional revolts by local and forcibly relocated Native Americans, whose land treaties were destroyed as whites expanded to the area.
Julien Dubuque, a French-Canadian fur trader, arrived in the region in 1785 and established a close friendship with the local Mesquakie Indians, who revealed to him the location of valuable lead deposits nearby. After the death of Dubuque, the government opened the area to be colonized. The city called Dubuque was established in 1837 when immigrants from the East Coast were quick to take advantage of the land's resources. Mary's Mission at the site that would become Stevensville, at the request of representatives of the Salish tribe, who wanted to learn about European agricultural and medicinal methods and the unique religious forms of the Jesuits.
White settlers would drive the Salish out of the area in half a century. The Indians of the Great Salt Lake of Fremont occupied the Ogden area for nearly a thousand years, around 400 AD. Established as a quiet Mormon town in the late 1840s, it would soon become a “union town” with the arrival of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific rails, and as the population increased, so did its reputation as a wild border town of chancers, gamblers, gunmen and thieves. Originally founded by British sailors, for a brief period in the 1850s and 1960s, the coastal colony shone with promise as a lumber town serving San Francisco and aspired to rival it.
The civil war and the upper ports of Seattle and Tacoma halted the city's development, and today it's a quiet residential community. For some time, it was believed that this Mormon city, named after an apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was in Utah, where it wouldn't have been the oldest city. Fortunately, an 1872 survey revealed that Franklin was actually a mile within the borders of the state of Idaho. The animation and images we've created help tell the story of European settlers and the cities they founded.
By watching the animation or reviewing the dates on the map below, you can see how the routes the settlers took influenced where the oldest cities are located. Our researcher was tasked with finding the oldest known settlements in each state. We were looking for cities that still exist today and we defined “city” to mean the oldest independent and continuously inhabited area in each state. In some cases, there is debate as to which areas were established first.
In those cases, we conducted additional research and made a decision based on the most reliable sources we could find. The Best Tools and Tips for Consolidating Debt. Hampton, named in the late 17th century after Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, was classified as a city in 1705. The citizens decided to call the city Waterbury because all the streams flow into the Naugatuck River. With its Spanish city design and its adobe architecture, this small town of a few hundred people retains its eclectic historic atmosphere today.
They negotiated to buy the city with the local Pennacook tribe under a living oak tree called Jethro's Tree. Fort Pierre became a thriving city dedicated to the fur trade soon after its creation, and a visitor from 1880 described its population as”. The variety of these cities and towns reveals the diversity of the United States, from the sea to the sparkling sea. Milford, a thriving shipbuilding, oyster farming and farming community, was also known as a city for beach getaways in the 19th century.
A year later, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés destroyed the French colony and founded the city named after St. Later, in the 1900s, the city became a suburb and home to several large companies, such as Schick, the shaving company. Travel the length and breadth of the United States and, in many towns and cities, the oldest building is barely more than a century old. The Puritans who established the first settlement in Cambridge referred to the city as Newtowne until 1638, when its name was changed.